Types of Elections in UK

November 22, 2018
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Register to Vote                                                           Electoral Register

There are different types of elections in the UK. General elections occur every 5 years and they involve election to the parliament in the UK. The Prime Minister doesn’t get elected directly, instead, there is a public vote for a sole Member of Parliament who is a representative from the constituency. For example, we have 650 MPs in total, so if one political party gets a majority within the Commons, it is expected that the party leader is going to be appointed the Prime Minister.

How to Vote in UK General Election 2019 Explained on YouTube:

Local Elections:

Local government elections occur in the very least every 4 years. An important thing to note is that government elections don’t always happen at the same time. The local government elections are intended to elect local councilors, and this can happen by electing councilors in every 4 years or electing half of the local councilors within every 2 years or electing one-third the councilors in each year for a 3 years period after which you have no elections occurring in the 4th year.

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Mayoral Elections:

In some parts of England, voters elect their mayor using the system known as Supplementary Vote. In this voting system, you make a first choice and a second choice when voting. In the event that no candidate obtains votes more than 50 percent of the first choice, all apart from the leading 2 candidates are dropped or eliminated.

European Parliament Elections:

European Parliament elections occur after every 5 years and the next round is May 2019. This time, UK will not be participating in European Parliament elections because it is expected to exit the European Union in March 2019.

The Scottish Parliament elections and the Northern Ireland Assembly elections are other types of elections you find in the UK. Scottish Parliament members are elected using Additional Member system while Northern Ireland Legislative Assembly members are elected using Single Transferable Vote System.

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Electoral Register:

The electoral register also known as the electoral roll is an important database that shows a person’s ability to vote. It is also important in matters regarding your credit rating and your assessment for credit. The electoral roll listing provides kind of a hook on which other kinds of data attaches itself. So it is a very important listing for providing the credit file of a person in the UK.


A candidate is a person who is running for office, you have parliamentary candidates, mayoral candidates and other kinds of candidates.

Before you vote, the electoral registration office sends a poll card that tells you where your polling station or place is. This is the location where you will cast your ballot. During the polling day, or the day when elections are held, the polling stations remain open from 7 am to 10 pm and they are found in public buildings like local halls and schools. Although you don’t have to present your poll card at the polling station, in Northern Ireland, you need to present photo ID like your passport, driving license, or the electoral identification card.

When you present your identification documents or give your address and name, you are given a ballot paper. This paper contains a list of parties, people, and options that you will be voting for.

UK General Election Results 2019:

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